The Purpose Of All Terror Groups Is Pakistanisation of Kashmir

Religion Is Used As A Tool And As A Cover

by WebDesk
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The religious and secessionist sentiments in Kashmir began with the onset of conflict in 1989 when organisations such as the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front used Islam to mobilise Kashmiris against India. A similar but radicalised form of Islamist interpretation and mobilisation unfolded in the succeeding phases.

Hizbul Mujahideen started dominating the insurgency and equating secessionism to jehad. Hizbul Mujahideen’s dictator Jamaat-I-Islami had long worked to replace the locally practised Sufi Islam with the Sunni Islamic culture of Pakistan. And it was HM that invoked violence to make the people of Kashmir more inclined towards religion. HM deepened the Pakistanisation of Kashmir.


Religion used as mobilising agent in fight against India


In the mid-90s, more radicalized terrorist groups , such as Jaish-e-Muhammad and Lashkar-e-Taiba started to take over terrorism, but they could not get the results what they had planned. The common masses distanced themselves from the terrorism. The locals found it to be an unfamiliar culture. They felt that Kashmir was being dominated by strangers or foreign terrorists. Yet religion remained a mobilising agent in the fight against India.

It was with the onset of new phase of terrorism from 2014 that radical versions of Islam and anti-India propaganda became so deep once again in the Valley. Many observers have attributed this to higher penetration of social media.

Some thinkers say that the access to social media increased from 25 percent of the people in 2010 to 70 percent in 2015. They say that this facilitated this mass radicalisation and spread of anti-India propaganda amongst the Kashmiri youth.


High penetration of social media boosted spread of radical ideology


Access to social media contributed to increase in recruitments for Pakistani organisations such as LeT, HM, and JeM. It also created a new breed of militants who claimed that their devotion was to Islam and they didn’t care about any political ideology. Thus, organisations such as Al-Qaeda’s Ansar Ghazwat Ul Hind and the Islamic State made their debut in the region’s militant movement. But they did not register as much success as , Pakistani terrorist organisations like LeT, HM, and JeM.


By making use of religion for propaganda and to spread the anti-India content, the Pakistani terrorist organisations created an appearance of supporting the Kashmiri cause. Social media gave Kashmiris new channels for their grievances and political aspirations. Anti-India narratives grew stronger, and mass radicalisation and alienation heightened.


Terrorists used social media to humanize themselves, their violent ideology


In particular, social media platforms allowed terrorists to humanise themselves and their ideology, while demonising India. An increasing number of local Kashmiris turned to terrorists and started supporting, interacting with, and participating in terrorist organisations that had previously recruited only Pakistani and other foreign militants. Messaging apps like WhatsApp and Telegram helped militants mobilise crowds. They also served as channels for training local militants and briefing them on weapons, explosive devices, and the actual conduct of attacks. Between 2014 and 2020, there was a significant increase in local militancy and stone-pelting incidents in the region.

All the terrorist organisations seem to have different perspectives. From the overt and covert support of Pakistan to the terror organizations, it is clear that they were all were using terrorism to integrate Kashmir with Pakistan by using religion as a tool. The initial perspectives of all terrorist organizations were claimed to be Islamisation of Kashmir. But later, they revealed their true intentions, which is Pakistanisation of Kashmir.

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