Heaven Mail Global Bureau
Milk is an excellent source of calcium and other essential nutrients. India as a Country is becoming world leader as far as milk production is concerned.
As a matter of fact, India has the world’s largest dairy herd with over 300 million bovines, producing over 187 million tonnes of milk. India is first among all countries in both production and consumption of milk. Most of the milk is domestically consumed, though a small fraction is also exported. Indian cuisine , in particular North Indian Cuisine, features a number of dairy products like Paneer, while South Indian Cuisine uses more yogurts and milk. Milk and dairy products play a part in Hindi religious practice and legend.
We need to bear in mind that there are many modified milks available such as skim milk and lactose-free milk.
Milk and other dairy products have been favourably linked with many health conditions.
Lactose intolerance is caused by an inability to digest the natural sugar in milk, but most people can tolerate small amounts of milk.
Flavoured milks (reduced fat varieties, for children over 2 years) are preferable to soft drinks and fruit drinks but should be had in small amounts because they have high amounts of added sugar.
India is achieving bright spots in terms of milk production. India clinched the top spot in milk production and produced 220.78 million tonnes in 2021-22, informed the Government of India (GoI). The country is contributing a quarter of global milk production.
It is a 51 per cent growth when compared to 2014-15. At that time milk production was 146.31 million tonnes. The source of the data is the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India.
It is recognised that milk has several health benefits.
milk and milk products are removed from the diet, it can lead to an inadequate intake of calcium. This is especially a concern for women over the age of 50 and the elderly, who have high calcium needs. Calcium deficiency may lead to conditions like osteoporosis (a disease that results in loss of bone).
Colorectal cancer (also known as bowel cancer) – according to the World Cancer Research Fund, people who regularly eat more than one serve of dairy products each day (particularly milk) have a reduced risk of developing colon cancer.
Blood pressure – having milk and dairy products is associated with lowered blood pressure. And, when low-fat dairy foods are combined with a high intake of fruits and vegetables, blood pressure is lowered more than by just having fruits and vegetables.
Following the visit of late Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri to the Anand district of Gujarat in 1964, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was created in 1965 with a mandate to support the creation of the ‘Anand Pattern’ of dairy cooperatives across the country through the Operation Flood (OF) programme which was to be implemented in phases.
The ‘Anand Pattern’ was essentially a cooperative structure comprising village-level Dairy Cooperative Societies (DCSs), which promote district-level unions, which in turn promote state-level marketing federation. Starting in 1970, NDDB replicated the Anand Pattern cooperatives through the Operation Flood programme all over India.
Every year, since 2001, June 1 is observed as World Milk Day by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations to acknowledge the importance of milk as a global food and to celebrate the dairy sector. In India, the birthday of Dr. Verghese Kurien, on November 26, is observed as National Milk Day.
With a series of measures being taken by the Government as well as the growing role of the private sector in dairy development, India is expected to sustain its growth in milk production and milk processing in the coming decades. Further, to encourage farmers to take up productivity enhancement of indigenous breeds of milch animals in a scientific manner and to motivate Cooperative and Milk producer Companies, the Government of India is conferring the prestigious National Gopal Ratna Awards on the occasion of National Milk Day.
India is making right strides in milk production. It is hoped that India would continue to make new records in Milk under the great leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi .