Heaven Mail National Bureau
Fuel is an important part of economy of every country .
Green hydrogen (GH2 or GH2) is hydrogen generated by renewable energy or from low-carbon power.Green hydrogen has significantly lower carbon emissions than grey hydrogen, which is produced by steam reforming of natural gas, which makes up the bulk of the hydrogen market. Green hydrogen produced by the electrolysis of water is less than 0.1% of total hydrogen production.It may be used to decarbonize sectors which are hard to electrify, such as steel and cement production, and thus help to limit climate change.
Green hydrogen is emerging as important fuel in India and world.
Green hydrogen is a clean energy source that only emits water vapour and leaves no residue in the air, unlike coal and oil. Hydrogen has a long-standing relationship with industry. This gas has been used to fuel cars, airships and spaceships since the beginning of the 19th century.
As a matter of great pride for country,
India is planning a $2 billion incentive programme for the green hydrogen industry, three sources told Reuters, in a bid to cut emissions and become a major export player in the field.
The $2.2 billion incentive aims to reduce the production cost of green hydrogen by a fifth over the next five years, said a senior government official and an industry manager working in renewable energy. It would do this in part by increasing the scale of the industry, they said.
The current cost in India is 300 rupees to 400 rupees per kg, said the manager.
The United States and the European Union have already approved incentives worth billions of dollars for green hydrogen projects.
Hydrogen can be used as a fuel. It is made by splitting water with an electrical process, electrolysis. If the devices that do that, electrolysers, are powered by renewable energy, the product is called green hydrogen, a fuel free of greenhouse emissions.
The Indian aid could be announced in the Feb. 1 budget for the fiscal year beginning April 1, said the government official. All sources declined to be named discussing a budget proposal.
The ministries of renewable energy and
Companies such as Reliance Industries, Indian Oil, NTPC, Adani Enterprises , JSW Energy and Acme Solar have big plans on green hydrogen.
Adani, led by the world’s third-richest person, Gautam Adani, said in June that it and France’s TotalEnergies would jointly create the “world’s largest green hydrogen ecosystem”.
The green hydrogen proposal is likely to be called “Strategic Intervention for Green Hydrogen Transition (SIGHT)” and will be split into 45 billion rupees for electrolyser manufacturing for five years and the 135 billion rupees for green hydrogen and green ammonia production for three years, the manager and second official said.
The incentive for making green hydrogen is likely to be 50 rupees per kg for three years, they said.
The high cost of production is the main factor behind the low use of green hydrogen. Nonetheless, the hydrogen market is expected to grow, with some forecasts of the cost of hydrogen production falling from $6/kg in 2015 to around $2/kg by 2025. In 2020, major European companies announced plans to switch their truck fleets to hydrogen power.
Green hydrogen can be blended into existing natural gas pipelines, and also used to produce green ammonia, the main constituent of fertilizer production. It is suggested by hydrogen industry bodies that green ammonia will be cost-competitive with ammonia produced conventionally (gray ammonia) by 2030.
It is also learnt About 15,500 hydrogen-powered cars were sold worldwide in 2021. It is just a tiny drop in the 66 million cars sold last year. But, hydrogen car sales are growing; last year they were double that of the pre-pandemic levels, suggesting that the technology could be ready to go mainstream.
US-based Ohmium International has commissioned India’s first green-hydrogen factory in Bengaluru. Reliance Industries , Larsen & Toubro, Greenko and H2e Power last year announced plans to build gigawatt-scale factories.
Indian oil refineries and fertiliser and steel plants annually use 5 million tonnes of hydrogen made from natural gas, called grey hydrogen. The process produces carbon dioxide.
Higher gas prices have pushed the Indian grey hydrogen price to around Rs 200 per kg According to analysts at Fitch Solutions, the global hydrogen market could jump to 10% by 2030. The number of investments in green hydrogen has risen from almost none in 2020 to 121 gigawatts across 136 project.in planning and development phases totaling over $500 billion in 2021.
Undoubtedly, Green hydrogen could be a game changer for India in terms of ensuring cost effective and environment friendly fuel.